Magna Carta Memorial Maximum Card 2 June 2015
Postcard: The Magna Carta Memorial on Cooper's Hill (1957) Runnymede, Surrey - National Trust.
Stamp: 1st class Magna Carta commemorative
Postmark: Magna Carta, Sealed at Runnymede in 1215, Windsor.
Meaning ‘The Great Charter’, Magna Carta was reluctantly granted by the tyrannical King John of England in Runnymede on 15th June 1215 as a practical solution to the political crisis he faced.
Written in Latin on a single parchment and comprising a total of 63 clauses, Magna Carta established for the first time that the king was subject to the law rather than above it. It was effectively a peace treaty between the king and a group of barons. Once King John was forced to acknowledge a schedule of rights and of limitations on royal action, consideration was given to ways of ensuring he abided by the charter’s ruling.
To this end, clause 61 known as the security clause (forma securitatis) was included which allowed the selection by the barons of twenty-five barons of the realm to “observe, maintain and cause to be observed the peace and liberties which we have granted”.